Christina Aguilera by Christina Aguilera(CD)& Love.Angel.Music.Baby;Gwen Stefani

  • 2 Used Dance & Pop Music CDs: Christina Aguilera by Christina Aguilera (CD) & Love.Angel.Music.Baby. by Gwen Stefani (CD). Condition of both CDs and Inserts: Like New and 100% Computer Tested Playable. Condition of CD Cases: New (see actual front and back photos). Used Dance & Pop Music CD 1. Christina Aguilera by Christina Aguilera (CD): Album FeaturesUPC: 078636769028Artist: Christina AguileraFormat: CDRelease Year: 1999Record Label: RCAGenre: Rock & Pop, Teen Pop Track Listing1. Genie in a Bottle2. What a Girl Wants3. I Turn to You4. So Emotional5. Come on Over (All I Want Is You)6. Reflection - (from "Mulan")7. Love For All Seasons8. Somebody's Somebody9. When You Put Your Hands on Me10. Blessed11. Love Will Find a Way12. Obvious DetailsPlaying Time: 46 min.Contributing Artists: Missy Elliott, Britney SpearsDistributor: BMG (distributor)Recording Type: StudioRecording Mode: StereoSPAR Code: n/a Album NotesPersonnel includes: Christina Aguilera (vocals); Jerry Goldsmith (conductor); Carl Sturken, Travon Potts (various instruments); John Goux, Bruce Watson, Tim Pierce, Michael Thompson, Anthony Mazza, Ali Boudris (guitar); Heather Holley (piano); Robin Thicke, Pro J. (keyboards, synthesizer, bass, drums); Robert Hoffman (keyboards, bass, drum programming); David Frank, Steve Kipner (keyboards, drums); Ron Harris, Paul Rein, Kris Kellow (keyboards, drum programming); Ron Fair (keyboards); John Glaser (Moog synthsizer); Matt Laug (tambourine); Johan Aberg, Eric Anest (drum programming); Guy Roche (programming); Shelly Peiken, Sue Ann Carwell, Evan Rogers (background vocals).Producers include: David Frank, Steve Kipner, Guy Roche, Ron Harris, Aaron Zigman.Engineers include: David Frank, Steve Kipner, Mario Luccy."Genie In A Bottle" was nominated for the 2000 Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance."What A Girl Wants" was nominated for the 2001 Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. Personnel includes: Madonna (vocals, guitar); Missy Elliott, Christina Aguilera, Britney Spears (vocals); Mirwais Ahmadzai (guitar, programming, background vocals). Personnel: Christina Aguilera (vocals, background vocals); Ali Boudris, Anthony Mazza, Michael Thompson , Tim Pierce, John Goux, Bruce Watson (guitar); Chakdaddy, E. Dawk, Gary Grant, Joel Peskin, Rick Baptist (horns); Ron Fair (piano, harpsichord, keyboards); Heather Holley (piano); Thicke (keyboards, synthesizer, bass guitar, drums); Dave Frank, David Frank, Steve Kipner (keyboards, drums); Khris Kellow (keyboards, programming, drum programming); Paul Rein (keyboards, programming); Robert Hoffman (keyboards, drum programming); John Glaser (Moog synthesizer); Matt Laug (tambourine); Airiq Anest (programming, drum programming); Johan berg, Guy Roche, Ron Harris (programming); Evan Rogers, Shelly Peiken, Sue Ann Carwell (background vocals).Audio Mixers: Tim Lauber; Dave Pensado; Dave Way; Jeff Griffin ; Mick Guzauski; Peter Mokran; Rob Chiarelli; Thicke; Tommy Vicari.Unknown Contributor Role: Chad Wolfinabarger.Arrangers: Christina Aguilera; Dave Frank; David Frank; Guy Roche; Aaron Zigman; Khris Kellow; Matthew Wilder; Ron Fair; Sherree Ford-Payne; Steve Kipner; Travon Potts; Brock Walsh. Christina Aguilera rocketed to the top of the charts with the smash hit "Genie in a Bottle" from this self-titled debut and placed herself among a leading generation of young, multi-talented pop artists. Like fellow performers Britney Spears, J.C. and Justin of 'N Sync, and actress Keri Russell, who stars in the TV show Felicity, Aguilera is a graduate of the New Mickey Mouse Club television program.Songs such as "What a Girl Wants" with its guitar-driven melody, and the soulful gospel strain of "So Emotional" show Christina Aguilera's polish. Some of the other tracks that stand out are the powerful "I Turn to You," which was written by Diane Warren; "Reflection," which was produced by Matthew Wilder; and the dance floor mover "Love Will Find a Way," from hit makers Carl Sturken and Evan Rogers. Used Dance & Pop Music CD 2. Love.Angel.Music.Baby. by Gwen Stefani (CD): Album FeaturesUPC: 602498638507Artist: Gwen StefaniFormat: CDRelease Year: 2004Record Label: Interscope (USA)Genre: Alternative, Rock & Pop Track Listing1. What You Waiting For?2. Rich Girl3. Hollaback Girl4. Cool5. Bubble Pop Electric6. Luxurious7. Harajuku Girls8. Crash9. The Real Thing10. Serious11. Danger Zone12. Long Way to Go DetailsPlaying Time: 48 min.Contributing Artists: Andre 3000, EveProducer: Andre 3000, Terry Lewis, Dr. Dre, Dallas Austin, Jimmy Jam, Nellee Hooper, Tony Kanal, Johnny VultureDistributor: Universal DistributionRecording Type: StudioRecording Mode: StereoSPAR Code: n/a Album NotesPersonnel: Gwen Stefani (vocals); Andr‚ 3000 (vocals, keyboards); Eve (rap vocals); Linda Perry, Johnny Vulture (guitar, keyboards, programming); Bobby Ross Avila (guitar, keyboards, background vocals); Wendy Melvoin (guitar); Kevin Kendricks (piano, keyboards); Sheldon Conrich, Lisa Coleman (keyboards); Rick Sheppard (midi); Jimmy Jam (bass guitar); Iz (drums, percussion); Sam Littlemore, Ewan Pearson, Aidan Love, Simon Gogerly (programming); Zoey Martin, MiMi "Audio" Parker, Mimi Parker, Naomi Martin, Seven, Bernard Sumner (background vocals); Mike Elizondo (guitar, keyboards); Tony Reyes (guitar, bass guitar); Rusty Anderson (guitar); Tony Kanal (keyboards, synthesizer, programming); Mark Batson (keyboards, keyboard bass); Dallas Austin (keyboards, drums); James "Big Jim" Wright (keyboards); Jason Lader (programming).Audio Mixers: Andr‚ 3000; Glenn Pittman; Mark "Spike" Stent; Phil Tan; Johnny Vulture.Recording information: Darp Studios, Atlanta, GA; Encore Studios, Burback California; Flyte Tyme West; Hensen Recording Studios, Hollywood, CA; Home recordings London, Englad; Home Recordings, London, England; Karrabee Sound Studio East, Los Angeles, CA; Kingsbury Studios, Los Feliz, CA; Larrabee Sound Studio East, Los Angeles, CA; Ocean Way Record One, Sherman Oaks, CA; O'Henry Sound Studios, Burback, CA; Right Track Recording, New York, NY; Sound Castle Studios, Los Angeles, CA; Stankonia Recording, Atlanta, GA; The Village recorder, West Los Angeles, CA. Photographer: Nick Knight. Historically, it's a tricky endeavor for the singer from an enormously successful band to embark on a solo career. Gwen Stefani, the glamorous vocalist for No Doubt, sidesteps the issue on her first solo album, LOVE, ANGEL, MUSIC, BABY, by largely eschewing the No Doubt sound. In its place, there's a strong emphasis on the R&B and hip-hop flavors that were hinted at in preceding No Doubt records. Towards that end, Stefani gamely enlists the assistance of Dr. Dre, the Neptunes, Andre 3000 of Outkast, and others, on an album that references everything from Japanese pop culture ("Harajuku Girls") to FIDDLER ON THE ROOF ("Rich Girl," featuring rapper Eve). Sensual R&B rhythms, frenetic hip-hop beats, and yes, the occasional pop/rock echo of No Doubt, all share space on LOVE, ANGEL, MUSIC, BABY, filtered through a fun-loving, party-starting sensibility. eBay Product ID: EPID43419765 BIP1402012CDSCACALAMBGS424824 More Rap/Hip-Hop, Pop, Dance, Electronica, Metal, Rock, Country, Soul, R&B, Blues, Easy Listening, Jazz & & Other CDs, DVDs, Guitar/Bass/Keyboards/Vocals Music Instruction, VHS Tapes, Video Games & Software, Entertainment Memorabilia & Books at my ebay store Bear In Paradise at:https://stores.ebay.com/Bear-In-ParadiseMay God Bless You And Yours With Health, Joy, Love, Prosperity, Generosity, Compassion And Wisdom! Bear In Paradisebearinparadise (2002 )99.6%Save this seller Sign up for newsletterin titles & descriptionWelcome to my eBay Store. Where We Try To Make You, As Happy With Entertainment And Education Media As A: Bear In Paradise! 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For her self-titled debut album, see Christina Aguilera (album). Christina Aguilera in September 2010Background information:Birth name: Christina María AguileraBorn: December 18, 1980 (age 33)Staten Island, New York, U.S.Genres: Dance-pop electropop Latin pop pop R&B soulOccupations: Singer-songwriter record producer dancer philanthropist entrepreneurInstruments: VocalsYears active: 1991–presentLabels: RCAAssociated acts: Justin Timberlake Christina María Aguilera (born December 18, 1980) is an American singer-songwriter, record producer and actress. Born in Staten Island, New York and raised in Wexford, Pennsylvania, she made appearances on the television series Star Search and The Mickey Mouse Club in her childhood. Aguilera came to prominence with her number-one debut album, Christina Aguilera (1999); its singles "Genie in a Bottle", "What a Girl Wants" and "Come On Over Baby (All I Want Is You)" each peaked atop the U.S. Billboard Hot 100. Her follow-up records, Mi Reflejo and My Kind of Christmas (2000), experienced moderate success worldwide. Displeased with her lack of input in her image and music, Aguilera assumed creative control for her fourth album, Stripped (2002), which yielded the international chart-topping hits "Dirrty" and "Beautiful".Aguilera's fifth record, Back to Basics (2006), incorporated elements of 1930s and 1940s blues, soul, and jazz music. The album peaked at number one in 15 countries and its singles "Ain't No Other Man", "Hurt" and "Candyman" charted within the top-ten internationally. However, her electronica-inspired sixth album, Bionic (2010), made little commercial impact. Later that year, Aguilera starred alongside Cher in the film Burlesque, and served as the executive producer of its accompanying soundtrack. Her seventh record, Lotus (2012), was influenced by electropop and dance-pop elements. Since 2011, Aguilera has served as an original coach on the American version of The Voice, having appeared in four of its five seasons.Aguilera was established as a pop icon and has garnered honorific titles including the "Princess of Pop". Her work has earned her numerous awards and accolades, including four Grammy Awards, one Latin Grammy Award, two Billboard Music Awards, two MTV Music Video Awards, a Golden Globe Award nomination, a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and the Special Achievement Award “People's Voice”. To date, Aguilera has sold 17.4 million albums in the United States and 50 million worldwide. Rolling Stone ranked her 58th on their list of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time, becoming its youngest and only artist under the age of thirty. During the 2000s, Billboard recognized her as the 20th Artist of the Decade and its second top-selling single artist, behind Madonna. Aguilera was ranked number eight in VH1's 100 Greatest Women in Music and was one of Time's 100 Most Influential People in the World in 2013. Outside of her work in the entertainment industry, Aguilera is involved in charitable activities through human rights, world issues, and her work as a UN ambassador for the World Food Programme. Contents: 1 Life and career1.1 1980–98: Early life and career beginnings1.2 1999–2001: Christina Aguilera, Mi Reflejo, and new management1.3 2002–05: Stripped, new image, and marriage1.4 2006–09: Back to Basics, motherhood, and hiatus1.5 2010–11: Bionic, Burlesque, divorce, and The Voice1.6 2012–present: Lotus2 Artistry2.1 Vocal ability2.2 Themes and musical style2.3 Influences3 Legacy4 Other ventures4.1 Philanthropy4.2 Product and endorsements5 Discography6 Filmography7 Concert tours Life and career: 1980–98: Early life and career beginnings:Christina María Aguilera was born in Staten Island, New York, in December 18, 1980[1] to parents Fausto Xavier Aguilera and Shelly Loraine (née Fidler), a soldier in the United States Army and a violinist and pianist, respectively.[2] Her father is Ecuadorian,[3] while her American mother has German, English, Irish, Scots-Irish, and French ancestry.[4][5] Throughout her father's service in the Army, her family moved to various locations, including New Jersey, Texas, New York, and Japan.[6] Her parents divorced when Aguilera was six years old. She, her mother, and her younger sister Rachel then lived at her grandmother's home in Rochester, Pennsylvania, a town outside Pittsburgh;[3] her mother later remarried.[7] According to both Aguilera and her mother, her father was very controlling, as well as physically and emotionally abusive, while she used music as an escape from the abuses.[8] Even though he has made several attempts to reconnect with her, Aguilera ruled out any chance of a reunion.[9] Since then, her mother has married again and has changed her name.[7]As a child, Aguilera aspired to be a singer. She was known locally as "the little girl with the big voice",[9] singing in local talent shows and competitions. At the age of 8, Aguilera won her first talent show performing Whitney Houston's "I Wanna Dance With Somebody".[6] On March 15, 1990, she appeared on Star Search singing "A Sunday Kind of Love", but lost the competition at number 2. Soon after losing on Star Search, she returned home and appeared on Pittsburgh's KDKA-TV's Wake Up With Larry Richert to perform the same song. Throughout her youth in Pittsburgh, Aguilera sang "The Star-Spangled Banner" before Pittsburgh Penguins hockey, Pittsburgh Steelers football and Pittsburgh Pirates baseball games, including during the 1992 Stanley Cup Finals.[10] She attended Rochester Area School District and Marshall Middle School near Wexford.[9] Her talent was kept a secret to avoid bullying from other children. Following her television appearances Aguilera experienced resentment and bullying including an incident in which her peers slashed the tires on her family's car.[11] She attended North Allegheny Intermediate High School briefly until she was home schooled following several incidents.[9] Aguilera recalls, "doing what I did and maybe being a little smaller, I was definitely picked on and bullied for the attention that I got. It was definitely unwanted attention and there was a lot of unfairness about it."[12]In 1991, Aguilera auditioned for a role on The Mickey Mouse Club; however, she did not meet the age requirements. Two years later, she joined the cast, performing musical numbers and sketch comedy, until the show's cancellation in 1994.[13] Her co-stars included Justin Timberlake, Britney Spears, Ryan Gosling and Keri Russell where they nicknamed her "the Diva"[14] for her performance style and voice. At the age of fourteen, Aguilera recorded her first song, "All I Wanna Do", a hit duet with Japanese singer Keizo Nakanishi.[15] In 1997, she represented the United States at the international Golden Stag Festival with a two-song set.[16] Aguilera entered talent contests on "teen night" at the Pegasus Lounge, a gay and lesbian nightclub in Pittsburgh.[17] In 1998, Aguilera sent in a demo of her cover of Whitney Houston's "Run to You" to Disney, who were looking for a singer to record the song "Reflection" for their animated feature film Mulan (1998).[18] The demo caught the attention of producer and label executive Ron Fair, who would later mentor her throughout her career and led to Aguilera earning a contract with RCA Records the same week.[19] "Reflection" peaked within the top twenty on the Adult Contemporary Singles Chart and was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song.[20][21] 1999–2001: Christina Aguilera, Mi Reflejo, and new management:Aguilera's self-titled debut album was released on August 24, 1999. It was met with a favorable critical response, with Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic opining that the album "remains firmly within the teen-oriented dance-pop genre, but done right" and was "lightweight in the best possible sense – breezy, fun, engaging, and enjoyable on each repeated listen."[22] It debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 and Canadian Albums Chart; it went on to ship eight million copies in the United States[23] and over seventeen million copies worldwide.[24][25][26] The album is included in the Top 100 Albums of All Time list of The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) based on US sales.[27] Aguilera's debut single, "Genie in a Bottle", was an international success, reaching number one of the US Billboard Hot 100 and several countries worldwide.[28][29] It became the top-selling debut single of 1999, selling over 1.4 million units in the United States.[30] Follow-up singles "What a Girl Wants" and "Come On Over Baby (All I Want Is You)" also topped the Hot 100 during 1999 and 2000, while "I Turn to You" reached number three. Consequentially, Aguilera became one of few artists to have multiple number one successes from a debut album in Billboard history.[31] Additionally, "What a Girl Wants" was the first number one hit of the millennium.[32] Aguilera appeared at 1999's Lilith Fair and performed during the Super Bowl XXXIV halftime show alongside Enrique Iglesias. In an effort to display the range of her voice, Aguilera performed piano-accompanied sets on television shows and private concerts.[33] At the 2000 Grammy Awards, Aguilera won the Grammy Award for Best New Artist.[34]On September 12, 2000, Aguilera released her second album and first Spanish-language album, Mi Reflejo, containing five Spanish versions of songs from her previous album and new Spanish material. According to producer Rudy Pérez, with whom Aguilera recorded the album in Miami, Aguilera was only semi-fluent while recording, but understood the language, having grown up with her Ecuadorian father.[35][36] The album peaked at number twenty-seven on the Billboard 200 and topped the Billboard Latin charts for a record nineteen weeks, making her the highest female debut of all time.[37][38] Additionally, it made Aguilera the only artist in history to have back-to-back number one debuts with an English language album followed by a Spanish language album.[38] The album sold over 3 million copies worldwide,[39][40] and was certified 6× Platinum (Latin field) in the US selling over 480,000 copies.[41][42] Aguilera won the World Music Award and Billboard award as the best selling Latin artist that year.[43] In 2001, it won Aguilera a Latin Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Album.[44] She also released a Christmas album, My Kind of Christmas, on October 24, 2000, and performed its only single, "The Christmas Song", at the White House that year.[23] The song made Aguilera one of three artists to take the song into the top twenty on the Billboard Hot 100.[45] The album was certified platinum in the US[46] and sold over 3 million copies worldwide.[40] Her first concert tour, Christina Aguilera in Concert, began in the summer of 2000 in the United States and ended early 2001, when she toured South America and Asia.[47] An ABC concert special, My Reflection, was released to DVD and certified Gold in the US.[48] Aguilera was Billboard's top selling female artist of 2000.[43]Ricky Martin asked Aguilera to duet with him on "Nobody Wants to Be Lonely" from his album Sound Loaded, released in 2001 as the album's second single. The song reached number thirteen in the United States.[49] In 2001, Aguilera, Lil' Kim, Mýa, and Pink remade Labelle's 1975 single "Lady Marmalade" for the film Moulin Rouge! and its accompanying soundtrack. The song ultimately peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for five weeks[50] and became the first airplay-only track in history to stay number one for more than one week.[51] It was the year's top selling single worldwide, reaching number one in eleven other countries with over 5.2 million copies sold making it one of the best-selling singles of all time.[52] "Lady Marmalade" earned all four performers a Grammy Award for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals. The video won two MTV Video Music Awards, including Video of the Year in 2001.[53] Later in 2001, "Just Be Free", a song from one of Aguilera's demos recorded when she was fifteen years old, appeared in record stores. When RCA Records discovered the single, they advised fans not to purchase it.[54] Months later, Warlock Records was set to release Just Be Free, an album containing demo material. Aguilera filed a breach of contract and unfair competition suit against Warlock and the album's producers to block the release.[55] The two parties came to a confidential settlement to release the album, where Aguilera lent out her name, likeness, and image for an unspecified amount of damages.[56]Despite her international success, Aguilera was dissatisfied with the music and image her management had created for her, having been marketed as a bubblegum pop singer because of the genre's upward financial trend.[57] She mentioned plans for her next album to have more musical and lyrical depth.[58] Aguilera's views of Steve Kurtz's influence in matters of the her creative direction, the role of being her exclusive personal manager, and over-scheduling had in part caused her to seek legal means of terminating their management contract. In October 2000, Aguilera filed a breach of fiduciary duty lawsuit against her manager Kurtz for improper, undue and inappropriate influence over her professional activities, as well as fraud. According to legal documents, Kurtz did not protect her rights and interests. Instead, he took action that was for his own interest, at the cost of hers. She petitioned the California State Labor Commission to nullify the contract.[59][60] Aguilera revealed while recording her then upcoming album, "I was being overworked. You find out that someone you thought was a friend is stealing money behind your back, and it's heartbreaking. I put faith in the people around me, and unfortunately, it bit me in the butt."[58] After terminating Kurtz's services, Irving Azoff was hired as her new manager. 2002–05: Stripped, new image, and marriage: Aguilera performing during The Stripped Tour, 2003 Having signed a global music publishing contract with Bertelsmann Music Group,[61] Aguilera co-wrote much of the material for her fourth studio album, Stripped,[62] released on October 25, 2002.[63] It debuted at number two on the U.S. Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 330,000 copies.[64] During production of the album, she strayed from the teen pop styles of her earlier projects, and instead drew inspiration from R&B, soul, pop rock and hip hop.[65] The album was produced primarily by Scott Storch and singer-songwriter Linda Perry.[62] Aguilera co-wrote and partially finished "Miss Independent" for the record, though it later became the debut single by Kelly Clarkson.[66] Aguilera cultivated an increasingly provocative image while promoting the record, during which time she adopted the nickname "Xtina", dyed her hair black, and got several tattoos and piercings.[67] After appearing on the cover of Rolling Stone dressed in only boots and an electric guitar, Aguilera claimed that her new persona better reflected her personality than the previous image she felt forced into by RCA Records.[68]Aguilera initially generated much controversy over her new persona, notably upon the release of her music video for Stripped's lead single "Dirrty".[69] Aguilera maintained that the clip was about being "in the power position, in complete command of everything around me."[23] The single itself peaked at number 48 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100,[70] but charted stronger in international territories.[71] The second single, pop ballad "Beautiful", received critical acclaim from music critics.[72] It reached number one in several countries and peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100.[70] The song earned Aguilera the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.[73] The album was later supported by the follow-up singles "Fighter", "Can't Hold Us Down", and "The Voice Within" over the following two years.[70] Stripped was certified quadruple-platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA),[41] and moved over ten million copies sold worldwide.[39] Aguilera became the top-selling female artist in 2003, while the album appeared at number ten on the Billboard 200 year-end chart that year.[74]In June 2003, Aguilera joined Justin Timberlake on their co-headlining Justified and Stripped Tour.[75] She then continued touring internationally with The Stripped Tour,[76] which grossed $75 million by its conclusion.[77] Aguilera later hosted both the 2003 MTV Europe Music Awards and an episode of Saturday Night Live.[78] During the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards in New York City, Aguilera and Britney Spears garnered significant media attention after kissing Madonna during her performance that evening.[23] Later that year, Aguilera was featured on the cover of Maxim, which became its best-selling issue with 2.8 million copies, and topped the magazine's Hot 100 list.[79]As Aguilera began work on her follow-up record in late 2004, she decided to embrace a mature image inspired by Marilyn Monroe, commenting that she "wanted to capture the authenticity of the Old Hollywood glam era."[80] She, along with Ashley Judd, Gwen Stefani and Dita Von Teese, is credited with reviving the 1920s–40s Hollywood glamour style.[81] Towards the end of the year, she recorded the jingle "Hello (Follow Your Own Star)" for a Mercedes-Benz advertisement,[82] and released a remake of the Rose Royce disco song "Car Wash" with Missy Elliott for the animated film Shark Tale.[83] Aguilera was also featured in "Tilt Ya Head Back" by Nelly[84] and "Somos Novios" by Andrea Bocelli.[85] A cover version of Leon Russell's "A Song for You" with Herbie Hancock earned her a nomination for the Grammy Award for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals at the 2006 ceremony.[86] She performed "When You Wish upon a Star" during the Happiest Homecoming on Earth for the Disneyland Park, celebrating the fiftieth anniversary since its opening.[87] Having began dating in 2002, Aguilera became engaged to music marketing executive Jordan Bratman in February 2005;[88] the couple married on November 19, 2005, at an estate in Napa County, California.[89] 2006–09: Back to Basics, motherhood, and hiatus: Aguilera performing during the Sanremo Story festival in 2006. Aguilera described her fifth studio album, the double album Back to Basics, as "a throwback to the 20s, 30s, and 40s-style jazz, blues, and feel-good soul music, but with a modern twist."[90] Aguilera continued to collaborate with Linda Perry, and enlisted new partners including DJ Premier, Kwamé, and Mark Ronson.[91] The record was released on August 11, 2006,[92] and was met with generally favorable reviews from music critics;[93] Stephen Thomas Erlewine from AllMusic described Aguilera's previous image as a "necessary artistic move" that allowed her to "create her own style, one that is self-consciously stylized, stylish, and sexy."[94] However, Jenny Eliscu from Rolling Stone felt that a two-disc release was unneeded, suggesting that a single disc "would have been nothing short of masterful."[95] It debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 with first-week sales of 346,000 copies.[96] It has since sold 4.5 million units worldwide,[97] with over 1.7 million sold in the United States.[98]"Ain't No Other Man" was serviced as the lead single from Back to Basics, and was met with general acclaim. It peaked at number six on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and number two on the UK Singles Chart. The track won the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance at the 2007 ceremony, where Aguilera also delivered a noteworthy rendition of "It's a Man's Man's Man's World" in tribute of its artist James Brown.[99] The follow-up singles "Hurt", "Candyman", and "Oh Mother" enjoyed success in several countries. Aguilera co-directed the music videos for "Hurt" and "Candyman" with Floria Sigismondi and Matthew Rolston, respectively. In 2006, she began her Back to Basics Tour in support of the record, during which she visited Europe,[100] North America,[101] Asia, and Australia.[102] The tour included cabaret, three-ring circus and juke joint sets and 10 piece costumes designed by Roberto Cavalli,[103] and was released to DVD as Back to Basics: Live and Down Under in 2007. In total, the tour grossed an approximate $90 million,[104][105] becoming the most successful American tour by a female that year.[106] During this time, Aguilera was featured on the track "Tell Me" by Diddy.In January 2007, Aguilera was named the 19th richest woman in entertainment by Forbes, with a net worth of $60 million.[107] Aguilera performed "Steppin' Out with My Baby" with Tony Bennett on the television special Tony Bennett: An American Classic, Saturday Night Live, and during the 59th Primetime Emmy Awards in which they received awards. Their collaboration was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals at the 2008 ceremony. Aguilera gave birth to her son, Max Liron Bratman, on January 12, 2008; she was reportedly paid $1.5 million by People for his baby pictures, becoming the ninth most expensive celebrity baby photographs ever taken.[108]In 2008, Aguilera appeared in the Martin Scorsese documentary Shine a Light which chronicles a two-day Rolling Stones concert in New York City's Beacon Theatre. The film features Aguilera performing "Live with Me" alongside Mick Jagger. Shine a Light premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival and was released worldwide on April 4, 2008. She also had a brief cameo in the comedy film Get Him to the Greek,[109] and appeared as a guest judge on the sixth season of Project Runway on Lifetime. She and designer Bob Mackie were the inspiration for the challenge in which they had to design a stage outfit for Aguilera. To commemorate Aguilera's ten years in the music industry, RCA Records released Keeps Gettin' Better: A Decade of Hits on November 11, 2008. The greatest hits included her first three number one singles, and other songs released from her previous three albums. "Lady Marmalade" and several Spanish singles from Mi Reflejo were included in the worldwide releases. The album's only single, "Keeps Gettin' Better", debuted and peaked at number seven on the Billboard Hot 100, her highest debut on the chart. Following the greatest hits, Aguilera took over a year hiatus in 2009 to work on her then-upcoming album and film. She was one of Billboard's Top 20 Artists of the Decade in their year-end charts.[110]2010–11: Bionic, Burlesque, divorce, and The VoiceAguilera's sixth studio album, Bionic, was released on June 8, 2010. Aguilera collaborated with producers including Tricky Stewart and Ester Dean, and songwriters Linda Perry and Sia Furler among other artists. Its material consisted primarily of mainstream pop records, and was influenced by electronic and dance music. The album's singles, "Not Myself Tonight" and "You Lost Me" peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play Charts[111] but were unsuccessful elsewhere. Bionic marked her foray into the electropop genre,[112][113] and received mixed reviews from critics. Allison Stewart of The Washington Post described the disc's "greatest disappointments" is its "virtual abandonment" of Aguilera's voice.[114] She concluded that Aguilera attempts "to do it all, in her newfound domesticity, to wrest her crown from Gaga and reestablish her sex kitten bona fides."[114] Sales of Bionic were underwhelming in the US compared to her previous releases, selling 110,000 copies in its first week and landing at No.3.[115][116] It has since sold 330,000 copies in the US.[117] Shortly after the album's release, further promotion ended and a scheduled summer tour for the album was canceled due to "inadequate rehearsal time".[118][119] Aguilera at the London premiere of Burlesque in 2010. In November 2010, Aguilera appeared in her first feature film, the musical Burlesque and received a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[120] Aguilera portrayed a small town girl, Ali Rose, who finds love and success in a Los Angeles neo-burlesque club.[121] The film was written and directed by Steve Antin who wrote the part of Ali specifically with Aguilera in mind.[122] Aguilera performed eight of the musical numbers on the film's soundtrack released on November 22, 2010, and co-wrote a number of the tracks working with producers and writers including Tricky Stewart, Sia Furler, Samuel Dixon, Linda Perry, Claude Kelly, Danja, and Ron Fair. The remaining two tracks were sung by Cher, who co-starred alongside Aguilera. The soundtrack debuted in the top 20 and was certified Gold selling over 660,000 copies in the US.[123][124][125] Aguilera's co-stars also included Cam Gigandet, Eric Dane, Kristen Bell and Stanley Tucci. Several critics praised Aguilera's performance. A review in Time states, "Aguilera might not be to your taste, but in terms of sheer power, she's impressive. If Ali were real, she'd have already been discovered on American Idol."[126] While Variety wrote, "Aguilera, while undeniably entertaining when her character is onstage, cannot spin the slight backstory into anything resembling a full-blooded person."[127] Though Burlesque was released to mixed reviews from critics,[128][129] the film received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Picture – Musical or Comedy and earned Aguilera, writer/producer Sia Furler and Samuel Dixon, a nomination for Best Original Song for the track "Bound to You". The soundtrack also earned Aguilera a Grammy nomination for Best Compilation Soundtrack. Burlesque grossed $90 million worldwide.[130]Aguilera collaborated with rapper T.I. on the track "Castle Walls" from his album No Mercy and appeared as herself on an episode of Entourage. Having separated in September, Aguilera filed for divorce from Bratman in October 2010, requesting joint legal and physical custody of their son.[131] After reaching a private settlement and custody deal, their divorce was finalized the following April.[132] Aguilera began dating musician and production assistant Matt Rutler, whom she met during the filming of Burlesque. Her appearance[133] and personal life were the subject of scrutiny;[134] with reports over out of control behavior and excessive drinking.[135][136][137] On March 1, 2011, Aguilera was arrested for public intoxication in West Hollywood as her boyfriend was arrested for driving while intoxicated.[138] She was later released on bail and no charges were filed.[139] Rutler's DWI charge was eventually dismissed.[140] During Super Bowl XLV, Aguilera performed the U.S. national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner", and accidentally omitted a line of the anthem.[141] She later apologized saying, "I got so caught up in the moment of the song that I lost my place. I can only hope that everyone could feel my love for this country and that the true spirit of its anthem still came through."[142] The following week, Aguilera, alongside Jennifer Hudson, Martina McBride, Yolanda Adams, and Florence Welch opened the 2011 Grammy Awards paying tribute to Aretha Franklin.[143]Aguilera, alongside fellow musicians Adam Levine, Blake Shelton and CeeLo Green, signed on to be coaches on the American version of The Voice. Its first season premiered on April 2011 on NBC, and proved successful for the network.[144][145][146] Aguilera was later featured on the track "Moves like Jagger" by Maroon 5, which they performed on the series. It became her fifth number-one single on the Billboard Hot 100, and reached number two on the UK Singles Chart.[147] The song sold over 14 million copies worldwide, establishing itself among the best-selling singles of all time.[148][149] "Moves like Jagger" marks the first time two former Best New Artist Grammy Award winners have collaborated on a Hot 100 hit.[45] It was nominated for Best Pop Duo/Group Performance at the 2012 Grammy Awards. 2012–present: Lotus:During production of her seventh studio album, Lotus, Aguilera collaborated with producers including Alex da Kid, Max Martin, Lucas Secon, Steve Robson, and Shellback, who expanded upon the electropop influence first seen in Bionic.[112][113] It was released on November 13, 2012, and received mixed reviews from critics. MTV News commented that Lotus "wasn't a triumphant comeback album", adding that it was intended to "signify her return to prominence, a high-powered collection of songs penned by the biggest hitmakers in the business".[150] The New York Times called the album's direction its "biggest crime, more than its musical unadventurousness or its emphasis on bland self-help lyrics or its reluctance to lean on Ms. Aguilera’s voice."[151] The album debuted at number seven on the Billboard 200 selling just under on 73,000 copies making it her lowest first-week sales in the US[150] and was less successful worldwide.[152] Lotus has since sold 240,000 copies[153] in the US making it her lowest selling album to date.[154] The lead single, "Your Body", debuted and peaked at number 34 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was a moderate hit worldwide. "Just a Fool", a country pop duet with Blake Shelton, was released as the second single.At the 2012 ALMA Awards, Aguilera was honored with a Special Achievement Award for her career and charity work. She also recorded her first Spanish-language track in over a decade titled "Casa de Mi Padre", which was released as the title song for the soundtrack and film of the same name.[155] Aguilera collaborated with Cee Lo Green on the song "Baby, It's Cold Outside" from his album Cee Lo's Magic Moment, and with rapper Pitbull on the track "Feel This Moment" from his album Global Warming. "Feel This Moment" reached the top ten in several countries and peaked at number eight in United States selling over 2 million copies.[156] Aguilera collaborated with Mexican singer Alejandro Fernández on a cover of the song "Hoy Tengo Ganas de Ti", released as the theme song for the soap opera La Tempestad. Upon the conclusion of the third season of The Voice in December 2012, Aguilera looked to promote Lotus and returned for the fifth season in September 2013. During production of the fifth season, Aguilera appeared on the soundtrack for the film The Hunger Games: Catching Fire, on the track "We Remain". Aguilera collaborated with A Great Big World on the track, "Say Something", having heard their original solo version earlier that year. The song was re-recorded with Aguilera's vocals and released as the lead single for their album, Is There Anybody Out There? (2014). "Say Something" has since peaked at number four, becoming Aguilera's eleventh top 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.[157] Aguilera collaborated with Lady Gaga on the remix for her single "Do What U Want".Artistry Vocal ability: Aguilera performing during her Back to Basics Tour in 2006. Aguilera, a spinto soprano,[158][159] has been referred to as the "Voice of her Generation", a blue-eyed soul singer and one of the greatest singers of all time.[160][161] She possesses a four octave vocal range[162] and a whistle register.[163] Aguilera also topped Cove's list of the 100 Best Pop Vocalists with a score of 50/50,[164][165] and came fifth in MTV's 22 Greatest Voices in Music.[166] Her rendition of "It's A Man's Man's Man's World" at the 2007 Grammy Awards ranked third in the Grammy's Greatest Moments List behind Celine Dion's performance of "My Heart Will Go On" and Green Day's performance of "American Idiot". In an interview, Dion described Aguilera as "probably the best vocalist in the world."[167] Dion wrote an article on Aguilera for Time magazine's 2013 list of their 100 Most Influential People in World, saying, "The first time I heard Christina sing, I was totally blown away. Her voice has got so much power, yet so much sensitivity and technically, I think, she’s flawless."[168] Aguilera's distinct style of singing has been praised by critics and noted as influential.[169] Sasha Frere-Jones of The New Yorker writes, "Aguilera doesn't need to reincarnate Sarah Vaughan to be a serious singer. She already is one, in the tradition of nineteen-nineties pop and R&B, skillfully deploying melisma for razzle-dazzle, riding the bouncy syncopation of samples with the coordination of a rapper, and timing the phrases to imply her athletic dance moves".[170] Vocal coach Cari Cole, called Aguilera the "Queen of riffing", adding that her vocals are rooted in soul music.[171] The People's Choice Awards honored Aguilera with the People's Voice award, recognizing her vocals and "ability to reach millions of people across a number of genres including pop, soul and R&B".[172] Rolling Stone ranked Aguilera at number 58 as their 100 Greatest Singers of All Time, the youngest singer on the list.[169]Since her debut in 1999, Aguilera has been compared to Mariah Carey and Whitney Houston.[173] David Browne of The New York Times writes, "Aguilera has been one of the foremost practitioners of the overpowering, Category 5 vocal style known as melisma. Ms. Carey, Ms. Houston and Ms. Aguilera, to name its three main champions, are most associated with the period from the late ’80s through the late ’90s."[174] A review in the Los Angeles Times compared Aguilera's vocal style to Barbra Streisand, Gladys Knight, and Aretha Franklin adding, "Aguilera's Streisand-esque tendencies are a good thing; they're helping her figure out how to become the "great singer" she's been dubbed since she released her first single, the wise-beyond-its-years "Genie in a Bottle", at 18."[175] Although praised for her vocals, Aguilera has been criticized for oversinging in her songs and concerts.[176] The Huffington Post named Aguilera a main proponent for "oversouling", described as the "gratuitous and confected melisma." The term was coined by producer Jerry Wexler who said, "I have found that flagrantly artificial attempts at melisma are either a substitute for real fire and passion or a cover-up for not knowing the melody."[177] The majority of Aguilera's songs are characterized by her loud vocals, though she has used breathy and soft vocals.[178] Longtime producer and writer, Linda Perry, commented on working on the track "Beautiful", saying, "I tried to keep it straight. I told her to get rid of the finger waves. Every time she'd start going into "hoo-ha", I'd stop the tape. I'm like, 'You're doing it again.'" Perry ended up using the first take saying, "She had a hard time accepting that as the final track. It's not a perfect vocal – it's very raw. She knows her voice really well, and she knows what's going on. She can hear things that nobody else would catch."[179] Aguilera co-wrote "Sing For Me" from her album Lotus, a response to critics who labeled her for oversinging. In the song, Aguilera explains why she sings the way she does, saying "I don’t even care what the world thinks about how I sound."[180] She admits to oversinging in her early years adding, "Before, to make up for the kind of music I didn't want to be doing, I would over-riff, to prove that I have talent. It was too much".[181] Themes and musical style:The constant theme in Aguilera's music and lyrics is love, although she has written on other subjects including spirituality, motherhood, and grief. Aguilera has also written about her childhood in two of her records which dealt with domestic abuse. Aguilera admits she feels responsible to reveal her most vulnerable feelings and to share the darker sides of her life, adding that "people that can relate might not feel as alone in the circumstance."[182] Originally marketed as a teen pop singer during the late 1990s, Aguilera received commercial success but was displeased with her debut album's musical content.[58] She wrote the hook for "Genie in a Bottle", but did not receive a writing credit,[5] and had no input during the album's production. Her fourth single, "Come On Over Baby (All I Want Is You)", was re-recorded with elements of R&B and hip-hop from its original dance pop version. Aguilera was given credit writing the song's sexually suggestive "rap".[183] Critics praised Aguilera's debut album out of her female contemporaries, David Plotz of Slate writes, "Though she also bares her midriff, Christina can afford a little restraint, because she is the real talent of the kid music scene. She has a huge voice and decent taste".[184] Wanting to showcase her vocals, Aguilera went on a small venue tour performing acoustic sets for music critics and industry executives across the country. She turned down offers to tour with Backstreet Boys and 'N Sync in order to appear at 1999's Lilith Fair.[33] After leaving her management, Aguilera took creative control of her music and lyrical content; departing into a broad range of musical genres for her follow-up album Stripped such as soul, pop rock, R&B, and hip-hop. After recording Stripped, Aguilera said, "You get signed to a label, people decide what you're going to be, but you're so excited to be doing it, period. Then you realize, 'Man, I don't know if this is what I really want.' Now I'm getting to do my own material and let people know that there's an artist behind the singer".[181] A review in Billboard called the album a "creative breakthrough",[185] and was noted as helping distance Aguilera from her then pop contemporaries.[65] Jancee Dunn of Rolling Stone writes, "With its lack of gimmickry and a surplus of sweet Seventies soul, Stripped is almost an album for grown-ups."[186] Aguilera co-wrote the majority of the songs on the album and released while the teen pop genre was still prominent on the charts. Music industry executive Clive Davis has praised Aguilera saying, "She has turned into one of today's most cutting-edge artists. She brings a whole fresh look to Top 40 and expands the horizon of what a pop artist can do. Everything from the video to the performance is coming from her."[187] Marilyn Monroe performing "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" in the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Aguilera has referenced Monroe in her music, image and performed the song in Burlesque[188]Aguilera has often said that she prefers working with producers that are not in popular demand, saying "I don't necessarily go to the main people that are the No.1 chart-toppers in music."[189] Her 2006 release, Back to Basics included producer DJ Premier. The New York Times exclaims, "Her decision to work with the low-key DJ Premier was also a decision to snub some of the big-name producers on whom pop stars often rely."[190] The album included live instrumentation and samples of past jazz and soul records. Some tracks on the album included non-traditional forms of pop music such as swing jazz and big band, drawing comparisons to Madonna's I'm Breathless and the musical film Cabaret.[191] Her first feature film, Burlesque, influenced by Cabaret, featured several established songs that were updated and worked into dance numbers, a style similar to 2001's Moulin Rouge!. The film included renditions of "A Guy What Takes His Time" introduced by Mae West in 1933 and featured Marilyn Monroe's performance of "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" from the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. Aguilera was the soundtrack's executive producer working with well-known producers Tricky Stewart and Danja. Critics praised the soundtrack and compared the film's music to her previous album Back to Basics.[192] The albums, Bionic and Lotus, featured mainstream producers including Shellback and Max Martin. On working with Martin, Aguilera added, "He's known about me but we haven't crossed paths. Those records were the kind I wanted to stray apart from. If you look at what I did in the past (after my debut), I always try to do things that will challenge me and challenge the listener, too. Could this have worked 10 years ago? I'm not sure. It's taken us a decade in the same business for us to come together, respect each other's work ethic and how we like to be heard and making a marriage out of it."[185] Both albums received mixed reviews.[114][150] MTV writes, "Aguilera is no longer a pop star; she's a niche artist. As far as niche artists go, Aguilera's got it pretty good. It's time for her to stop trying to compete with her contemporaries and embrace the uniqueness of her situation."[150] A review in The Tampa Bay Times adds, "Aguilera is too talented, and hopefully too smart, to continue down this wasteful path. And yet, it's troubling that she wants to compete with the unworthy Ke$has of the world. Drop the grudges and the desperate party cuts, Christina, and let's get back to basics."[193]Female empowerment is a constant theme in Aguilera's music. The fourth single from Stripped, "Can't Hold Us Down", was written as a female anthem referencing the double standards placed upon women. The Guardian states that the track, "rewrites feminism to a hip-hop beat."[194] Coincidentally, the music video was censored by MTV and other networks for being sexually suggestive. Aguilera responded saying, "It's funny. There are all those hip-hop videos where women are objectified, but when a woman does it, it's a shock."[195] Aguilera has used themes of sexuality in her music, in which she says, "I feel sexuality to be very empowering. Men love to believe that they own our sexuality, but men don't. If I want to be sexual, it's for my own appreciation and enjoyment. That's why I like to talk about the fact that sometimes I am attracted to women. I appreciate their femininity and beauty."[196] Though Aguilera doesn't consider her music to be focused on feminism adding that she's fighting for, "women's rights in the sense that we shouldn't be ashamed of ourselves or our bodies."[196] The song "I Hate Boys", released from Bionic, is considered a male-bashing anthem.[197] The Guardian describes Bionic as a "post-feminist party album",[198] adding, "she incites more of a sisterly spirit of collaboration, including riot grrrl feminists Le Tigre. Aguilera's not shy of the odd feministic declaration herself."[199] She has often mixed R&B and pop resulting in her own musical style. New York Post writer Dan Aquilante, credits Aguilera's signature sound adding that it's a, "crisp and unique R&B styling."[200] Aguilera co-wrote "Miss Independent" for Stripped, and was scrapped and later recorded by Kelly Clarkson as the lead single for her debut album. Clarkson noted Aguilera's style in the song adding, "You can hear a lot of her influence, especially the hook. And once you hear the song, it's constantly in your head."[66] Ann Powers of the Los Angeles Times writes, "More than any other mainstream pop artist of her generation, Aguilera cares about her cultural progenitors, not only music genres such as blues and soul, but also visual motifs. It's one successful trick she's picked up from Madonna: Instead of merely trading in moves now recognized as hot or cute, she presents her own performance as a sex symbol within hallowed traditions of female spectacle."[201]Influences Aguilera has named Etta James (left) and Whitney Houston (right) her biggest influences[202] Aguilera's major influence and idol is blues singer Etta James, whose classic song "At Last" has been covered by Aguilera throughout her career. Aguilera says, "Etta is my all-time favorite singer. I've said it for the last seven years – since I had my first debut record out – in every interview. I mean, all of Etta's old songs, countless songs I could name, I grew up listening to."[203] Following James' death in 2012, Aguilera was asked to perform "At Last" at her funeral.[204] Prior to performing Aguilera stated, "There's a line in this song that says 'I found a dream that I could speak to.' And for me that dream, all my life, has been Etta James."[205] The two met in 2006 during an article and interview with InStyle, in which James said to Aguilera, "It's like you were here many years ago. You don't look exactly like them, but there's something about you that's like Dinah Washington, Billie Holiday, those kinds of chicks. I've never seen a girl sing as tough as you sing. It's like you're an old soul."[203] The majority of her album, Back to Basics, pays tribute to James and other pop standard singers who many originated from the 1950s. In her early years she listened to vintage jazz, blues, and soul music.[206] The album includes the song, "Slow Down Baby", which sampled a Gladys Knight & the Pips song. A review in The Guardian declared, "Practically everything recorded before Aguilera was born blurs into one amorphous genre, which she categorises, somewhat inadequately, as 'fun music'".[207]Aguilera has also mentioned Whitney Houston as another major influence, having performed many of her songs in her early years during talent shows[6] and adopting her vocal style. Critics have noted Houston's influence on Aguilera comparing her tone and style of singing to Houston's.[173] Aguilera paid tribute to Houston performing "Run to You" during the 2001 BET Awards. The track was sung by Aguilera and submitted to RCA Records in 1998, which eventually helped in earning her recording contract.[208] Aguilera said early in her career that Mariah Carey was another influence.[209] According to author Pier Dominguez, Aguilera stated that it was Carey and her debut single, "Vision of Love", who had the biggest influence on her vocal style.[210] Aguilera has also named Madonna and Janet Jackson as two of her biggest influences "for being re-inventive and being brave as strong females, to explore whatever, even if they do get bad press. It's just like they were fearless."[202] Her other musical influences include Aretha Franklin,[211] Donna Summer,[212] and Nina Simone.[213]Aguilera cites the musical The Sound of Music and its lead actress, Julie Andrews as her first inspiration for singing and performing.[214] At the age of six, the film helped Aguilera cope with her violent childhood adding, "Bad things happened in my home; there was violence. The Sound of Music looked like a form of release. I would open my bedroom window to sing out like Maria. In my own way, I’d be in those hills."[215] Aguilera performed the film's song, "Climb Ev'ry Mountain", during her concert special, My Reflection. She mentioned the "Golden age of Hollywood" as another inspiration in which she says, "I'm referencing Marlene Dietrich, Marilyn Monroe, Carole Lombard, Greta Garbo, Veronica Lake".[188] Her star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is located near that of Julie Andrews and is next to Greta Garbo's.[216] In her music video for "Ain't No Other Man" she plays her alter ego, "Baby Jane" in reference to the film Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?.[217] The film's stars included actresses Bette Davis and Joan Crawford. The third single from Back to Basics, "Candyman", was inspired by pin-up girls, paintings by Alberto Vargas, and the 1941 song, "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" by The Andrews Sisters.[218] Aguilera has expressed interest in cultural icons Nico, Blondie and artists Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol.[219] She has often worked with photographer and close friend, David LaChapelle who once worked with Warhol. Chapelle has shot many of Aguilera's music videos, magazine shoots and advertisements. She is also a fan of graffiti artists Banksy and D*Face. In 2006, she purchased three of Banksy's works during a private art exhibition; one of them included a pornographic picture of Queen Victoria in a lesbian pose with a prostitute.[220] She has mentioned in several interviews that she is a fan of actress Angelina Jolie,[221] Lucille Ball;[222] and her Burlesque co-star, Cher.[119] Fashion has also been a part of Aguilera's music career and image, which she has used as a form of expression during performances and music videos. In 2003, she became the muse and inspiration for Donatella Versace's 2003 fall line. Versace also designed pieces for her tour the following year. Aguilera is also a fan of Roberto Cavalli, John Galliano, Marc Jacobs and Alexander McQueen, whose designs she has worn throughout her career.[223][224]Legacy Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Christina Aguilera: Aguilera has been given several pop culture titles, including, "Queen of Reinvention", "Princess of Pop" and the "Voice of her Generation" becoming an international pop culture icon following her debut.[225][226][227] She has been named one of the best vocalists in the world and one of the greatest singers of all time. Various publications have ranked her as the youngest and greatest singer over the past decade.[164][168][169][227] She was named the Best Latino Singer of All Time by Latina magazine.[228] Aguilera has sold 17.4 million albums in the United States[123][229] and over 50 million albums worldwide.[230][231] Her singles "Genie in a Bottle", "Lady Marmalade" and "Moves Like Jagger" are found among the best-selling singles of all time worldwide. "Genie in a Bottle" was listed at number 38 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of the 90s[232] and was the top selling debut single of 1999.[30] Allmusic critic Ed Hogan suggested that "what [made] the song's initial success even more astounding is the fact that it topped the charts weeks before an accompanying music video was made. That such unusual success came about through what could be called a casual act makes the song's beginning even more awe-inspiring."[233] "Beautiful" was listed at number 52 on Rolling Stone's top 100 songs of the 2000s and number 18 on VH1's 100 Greatest Songs of '00s list.[234][235] "Lady Marmalade" was listed at number 47 on the same ranking.[236] In 2011, Aguilera became the second female to achieve a number-one single in the 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s, the fourth female artist to top the Hot 100 in three consecutive decades, and eighth overall.[citation needed] Aguilera was regarded as a teen idol[237] and became one of the most successful teenage singers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. She continued her success becoming one of the top selling artists of the decade and the top selling female artist of 2000 and 2003.[43][74] She was ranked the 20th Artist of the 2000–09 decade by Billboard[238] and became the second top selling single artist of the 2000s, behind Madonna.[239] Additionally, she appears on the Billboard Hot 100 50th Anniversary Charts top Latin songs with four singles. Her only Latin album, Mi Reflejo, was the highest female debut of all time and is one of the best selling Latin albums of all time.[39][41][43] It also made Aguilera the only artist in history to have English and Spanish number one debuts.[38] Aguilera's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, which she received in 2010. Aguilera's television and music video impact has also been acknowledged in pop culture. In 2012, Jon Caramanica of The New York Times commented that she "will be remembered for her glamour, her scandalous take on femme-pop and her Brobdingnagian voice, and [...] as the person who almost single-handedly reshaped music-competition reality programming".[240] The Michigan Daily opined that "Aguilera deserves to be known as one of the greatest artists to ever hit the pop industry", adding that "her self-titled debut had more chart-topping, iconic singles than almost any other artist to date. Charts aren’t everything though. The thing that makes Aguilera a package deal is her combination of skills, success and iconic work. By comparison, Britney Spears was unable to achieve the ranks that Aguilera’s singles received. Aguilera managed to do both by generating songs that topped charts and became the most memorable tunes of a generation. Her voice and musical content had qualities exceeding the maturity of an average 19-year-old. Her demographic expanded outside children and young adults and her songs became timeless to her younger fans as they aged."[225] Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times writes that Aguilera and her music videos "helped usher in the current era of female pop stars"[241] adding that "she seems intent on establishing herself as a modern anomaly, a pop singer who really — really sings. With every statement of purpose, ostentatious ad-lib and show-stopping high note. She is fighting for the powerless, the voiceless, the prideless; all the downtrodden drudges who are tired of being told what to do. Perhaps you’re familiar with these pitiable creatures. They used to be known as pop stars."[190] The Boston Globe wrote that "[Aguilera] stood out from competitors and she earned more credibility [...] in a time when manufactured, bubbly faced sweethearts dominated the music scene."[197] Vibe magazine considers Aguilera as "one of the most impactful pop stars of the last decade".[231] Aguilera was ranked number eight in VH1's 100 Greatest Women in Music and was one of Time's 100 Most Influential People in the World in 2013.[168][242]Amongst Aguilera's music videos, "Dirrty" has been noted as one of the most influential videos in pop culture,[241] which MTV, VH1, MSN, FHM and several publications voted and named as the sexiest female music video of all time.[243][244] MTV named "Dirrty" the sexiest video ever made and was listed second on VH1's 25 Most Scandalously Sexy Music Videos of All Time.[243] She has won two Video Music Awards including Video of the Year and has been nominated eighteen times including Best Director making her one of the few artists to ever be nominated for this award. She is considered one of the greatest women of the music video era.[245] Publications including The New Yorker, The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, and Maxim have regarded Aguilera as a sex symbol.[170][201][246][247] VH1 listed her at number 19 on its 100 Sexiest Artists list.[248] Consistently, she is ranked on the Maxim and FHM Hot 100 list, in 2003 was voted as the Sexiest Woman of the Year by Maxim, and her second cover became, and remains, the biggest-selling issue to date.[79][247] Aguilera was featured several times in People and People en Español lists of Most Beautiful People in the World.[249][250] Aguilera has also been regarded as a gay and fashion icon.[81][251][252][253] She was the first honoree on The Abbey's Gay Walk of Fame for her contributions to gay culture.[253] The music video for "Beautiful" earned Aguilera a GLAAD Media Award for its positive portrayal of the LGBT Community. The UK LGBT rights charity Stonewall named "Beautiful" the most empowering song of the decade.[254] Many designers have been influenced by Aguilera including Donatella Versace[251] and Marc Jacobs who featured Aguilera in his "Women We Love" campaign.[255] Aguilera's costume from the film Burlesque, was featured in the Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising's Art of Motion Picture Costume Design exhibition.[256] Wax figure of Aguilera at Madame Tussauds museum in London. Aguilera has won four Grammy Awards, amongst seventeen nominations. At the age of 19, she received her first, the Grammy Award for Best New Artist, making her the second youngest recipient behind LeAnn Rimes and fourth overall. Aguilera was also the youngest artist to win the Latin Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Album. Her performance at the 2007 Grammy Awards ceremony was named the 3rd Greatest Grammy Moment and listed as one of the greatest Grammy performances of the last 25 years by the The Washington Post.[257] She appears twice on Fuse's list of the 25 Best Grammy Moments of all time.[258] During the opening of the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards Aguilera joined Madonna, Britney Spears, and Missy Elliott. MTV listed the performance as the number-one opening moment in the history of the ceremonies.[259] Aguilera was honored with a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and is included on the "Women Who Rock" exhibition by the National Museum of Women in the Arts.[260] A wax figure of Aguilera can be found at Madame Tussauds wax museum in London and New York City.[261] Aguilera's songs have been covered and performed on the television programs Glee and Smash.[262][263][264]Aguilera has influenced various contestants and winners from The Voice, The X Factor and American Idol, including Cassadee Pope,[265] Chris Mann,[266] Leona Lewis,[267] Alexandra Burke,[268] Kelly Clarkson,[269] Jordin Sparks,[270] Candice Glover,[271] Jennifer Hudson,[272] Jessica Sanchez,[273] Adam Lambert[274] and Katharine McPhee.[275] Her work has influenced many artists including Ariana Grande,[276] JoJo,[277] Inna,[278] Hayley Williams,[279] Ashley Tisdale,[280] Jessie James,[281] Charice,[282] A Great Big World,[283] girl groups Danity Kane,[169] The Pussycat Dolls,[241] American figure skater Johnny Weir,[284] American swimmer Dana Vollmer[285] and more. Having been compared to Aguilera in the beginning of her career, Lady Gaga has cited Aguilera as an influence[286] saying, "When I was 15, I was singing "I Turn to You" at the top of my lungs. She was an inspiration to me to have a wider vocal range."[287] Critics compared Gaga's vocals to Aguilera on the song "Do What U Want".[288] During the fifth season finale of The Voice, Gaga performed the song with Aguilera, in which she said, "I was really excited because they wanted me to perform on the finale. And I said I want to know if Christina wants to do it with me".[289] Miley Cyrus has named Aguilera an influence[290] and referenced "Dirrty" for her music video, "We Can't Stop".[291] Kitty Empire of The Observer writes, "Cyrus liberates her inner Aguilera, blending old-time jazzy balladry, romantic righteousness and dubstep sub-bass."[292] Demi Lovato cites Aguilera as an influence,[293] and dubbed by critics as "The best thing Disney's had since Christina Aguilera".[294] She has been praised by artists Celine Dion,[168] Etta James,[203] Whitney Houston,[208] Aretha Franklin,[295] Cher,[296] Justin Timberlake,[297] Pink,[298] Adele,[299] Patti Smith,[169] Patti LaBelle,[300] Tony Bennett,[301] and The Rolling Stones and its frontman Mick Jagger.[302]Other ventures Philanthropy:Aguilera has been involved with numerous charities throughout her career. In 2001, she signed a letter from PETA to the South Korean government asking that the country stop its alleged killing of dogs for food.[303] During her Back to Basics Tour in 2007, Aguilera wore a stole designed by Roberto Cavalli, unaware that it was made of fur. After receiving a video about the treatment of foxes from PETA vice president Dan Mathews, she replaced the stole with synthetic fur for the remainder of the tour, adding "I only ever wear fake fur".[304] In 2010, Aguilera auctioned tickets for her planned tour for Christie's A Bid to Save the Earth; proceeds benefited the nonprofit environmental groups Conservation International, Oceana, Natural Resources Defense Council, and The Central Park Conservancy.[305] Aguilera also supports Defenders of Wildlife, Missing Kids, National Alliance of Breast Cancer Organizations,[306] Women's Cancer Research Fund,[307] and Cedars-Sinai Women's Cancer Research Institute.[308] She has also worked alongside nonprofit organization Do Something saying, "Every individual has the power to inspire young people across the country."[309] In 2010, Aguilera was nominated for a VH1 Do Something Award for her work with the organization and her efforts in the response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake.[310] Aguilera is still a major contributor in her hometown of Pittsburgh contributing regularly to the Women's Center & Shelter of Greater Pittsburgh. She toured the center and donated $200,000 to the shelter. She has continued her donations and plans to open an additional one.[311] Aguilera also supports the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Refuge UK.[306] Since then she has worked with Lifetime Television's 'End violence against women' campaign.[312] Aguilera on a promotional poster for World Hunger Relief. Regarded as a gay icon, Aguilera was honored at the GLAAD Awards for using gay and transgender images in her music video for "Beautiful". When accepting the award Aguilera said, "My video captures the reality that gay and transgender people are beautiful, even though prejudice and discrimination against them still exists."[313] In 2005, she appeared on a compilation album, Love Rocks, proceeds benefit the Human Rights Campaign. She spoke out against California's California Proposition 8 which eliminates same-sex marriage in California saying, "Why you would put so much money behind something [aimed at] stopping people from loving each other and bonding together? It's hard for me to grasp. But I would've been out there with my rally sign as well."[314] In 2011, Aguilera was honored at The Abbey, a gay club in West Hollywood, for her contributions to the gay community as the first honoree on their Gay Walk of Fame.[315] Aguilera contributes in the fight against AIDS, by participating in AIDS Project Los Angeles' Artists Against AIDS "What's Going On?" cover project. In 2004, Aguilera became the new face for cosmetic company M•A•C and spokesperson for M•A•C AIDS Fund. Singer Elton John featured Aguilera in his charity book titled 4 Inches benefiting the Elton John AIDS Foundation.[316] John also picked Aguilera, for his annual "Fashion Rocks" charity concert which accompanies music and fashion to benefit the fight against AIDS/HIV.[317] Hillary Clinton (center) and David Novak (right) presented Aguilera (left) with the George McGovern Leadership Award in October 2012 for her outstanding contributions to the United Nations World Hunger Relief effort[318][319]. In the run-up to the 2004 United States presidential election, Aguilera was featured on billboards for the "Only You Can Silence Yourself" online voter registration drive run by the nonpartisan, non-profit campaign "Declare Yourself". In these political advertisements, shot by David LaChapelle, Aguilera was shown with her mouth sewn shut to symbolize the effects of not voting. In late 2007, Aguilera became the spokesperson for "Rock the Vote" where she urged young people to vote in the 2008 presidential election.[320] In partnership with "Rock the Vote", she appeared in a public service announcement which aired in mid-2008. The advert showed Aguilera with her son, Max Bratman, wrapped in an American flag, while singing "America the Beautiful". In November 2005, all of her wedding gifts were submitted to various charities around the nation in support of Hurricane Katrina victims.[321] That year she also performed at "Unite of the Stars" concert in aid of Unite Against Hunger in Johannesburg, South Africa and at the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund at the Coca-Cola Dome.[322] Aguilera took part in a charity album (remaking Lennon's "Mother"), proceeds benefit Amnesty International's efforts to end genocide in Darfur. The album, Instant Karma: The Amnesty International Campaign to Save Darfur, was released June 12, 2007, and featured various artists.[323] In 2008, she headlined London's Africa Rising charity concert at the Royal Albert Hall, which raises awareness for finding substantial issues facing the continent.[324] Later that year she appeared on the Turkish version of Deal or No Deal, Var mısın? Yok musun?, where proceeds were donated to a charity program for orphans.[325]In 2009, Aguilera became the global spokesperson for World Hunger Relief appearing in advertisements, online campaigns and a public service announcement.[326] Aguilera and her then-husband traveled to Guatemala with the World Food Programme to bring awareness to issues such as the high malnutrition rate in that country. She met with families of the villages and some of the beneficiaries of WFP's nutrition programs.[327] Since becoming a global spokeswoman Aguilera has helped raise over $148 million for WFP and other hunger relief agencies in 45 countries.[328] She was honored at Variety's annual "Power of Women" luncheon in 2009 alongside other women in entertainment for her contribution to philanthropic and charitable causes.[329] In response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Aguilera donated a signed Chrysler 300 which was auctioned for relief efforts.[330] She was one of the many artists who appeared on the Hope for Haiti telethon on January 22, 2010, donations directly benefited Oxfam America, Partners In Health, Red Cross and UNICEF. She later appeared on a second public service announcement alongside former boxer Muhammad Ali to raise funds for the World Food Programme's efforts to bring food to survivors of the earthquake.[331] Later that year Aguilera made her first visit to Haiti as an ambassador against hunger where she visited two schools in the town of Léogâne. During her time there she assisted in the ongoing efforts to help the badly damaged town where she served meals and highlighted reconstruction efforts in the country.[332] That year, Aguilera was appointed UN ambassador for the WFP.[134] At the 2012 ALMA Awards, Aguilera was awarded the Special Achievement Award for her career and humanitarian efforts.[333] Also that year, Hillary Clinton awarded Aguilera the George McGovern Leadership Award, making her the first singer to receive the award.[334] Following Hurricane Sandy, Aguilera performed "Beautiful" to open the Hurricane Sandy: Coming Together benefit telethon. She introduced the song by saying that she had been born in the devastated borough of Staten Island; all proceeds went to the American Red Cross.[335] In 2013, Aguilera visited Rwanda, toured several Congolese refugee camps with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and released a public service announcement with the World Food Programme.[336][337] Aguilera was honored with the Muhammad Ali Humanitarian of the Year Award.[338]Product and endorsementsIn 2000, Aguilera was the face for make-up line Fetish, where she worked in choosing colors and packaging for the line; she ended her contract the following year.[339] Throughout her career, Aguilera has endorsed several brands, including Skechers, Mercedes-Benz, Verizon Wireless, Versace,[251] and soft drink giants Coca-Cola and Pepsi in 2001 and 2006, respectively.[340] In 2004, Aguilera earned £200,000 (about $300,000) for opening the summer sale at London's Harrods store[341] and appeared in an advertisement for MAC Cosmetics Viva Glam V campaign. In 2005, she was reportedly paid $3.6 million[342] to sing a three song set for Russian billionaire Andrey Melnichenko's wedding. Aguilera signed a contract with European cell phone operator Orange to promote the new Sony Ericsson Walkman phone during the 2006 World Cup. In 2010, Aguilera was paid $1 million by investor Charles Brandes to perform at a private party.[343] In 2011, she was paid €2.4 million (around $3.2 million) by a Spanish multi-millionaire for a private four-song concert.[344] In 2008, jewelry designer Stephen Webster and friend of Aguilera released "Shattered", a collection of sterling silver pieces, through Neiman Marcus and Bergdorf Goodman. Aguilera, who inspired the collection, was featured as a Hitchcock heroine.[345] They reprised their work together for Webster's 2009 spring line.[346] In 2011, Aguilera attended São Paulo Fashion Week to premiere her new line of clothing for Brazilian department store C&A, which launched in April.[347]Aguilera released two fragrances throughout Europe; the first one, Xpose, was released in late 2004 and sold relatively well.[348][349] Through Procter & Gamble, Aguilera released her signature fragrance, Simply Christina, in 2007.[350] In Christmas 2007, the fragrance became the number one perfume in the UK,[351] and later in 2009 it became the 4th best selling perfume in the UK,[352] and Germany where it topped sales for the year.[353] The perfume won as the people's choice for favorite celebrity fragrance at the annual UK Fifi Awards 2008.[354] She released her third fragrance, Inspire, accompanied with a body care collection, on September 1, 2008.[355] The perfume hit shelves in the US, Canada, Latin America, Asia and Northern and Eastern Europe. It was Aguilera's first fragrance released outside of Europe.[356] Her worldwide ad campaign included a television ad shot by David LaChapelle and was released in the US through Macy's department stores. The release coincided with Macy's 150th anniversary which featured Aguilera in commemorative photos.[357] She released her fourth fragrance, By Night, in October,[358] which became the third best selling fragrance in the UK in 2009.[352] Both “By Day“ and “By Night“ were nominated for Best Perfume of the Year at the FIFI Awards 2011.[359] The range was further augmented by Royal Desire in 2010,[360] Secret Potion in 2011, Red Sin in 2012,[361] and Unforgettable in 2013.[362] Since 2007, Aguilera's perfumes have earned several awards worldwide, making her the number one awarded celebrity brand.[363]Discography Main article: Christina Aguilera discography: Christina Aguilera (1999)Mi Reflejo (2000)My Kind of Christmas (2000)Stripped (2002)Back to Basics (2006)Bionic (2010)Lotus (2012)Filmography Main article: Christina Aguilera videography:Concert tours: Main article: List of Christina Aguilera concert tours: Christina Aguilera in Concert (2000–01)Justified and Stripped Tour (2003)The Stripped Tour (2003)Back to Basics Tour (2006–08)See also Book icon Book: Christina AguileraPortal icon Christina Aguilera portalPortal icon Pennsylvania portalPortal icon United States portalPortal icon Music portalPortal icon Hip hop portalPortal icon Pop music portalHonorific nicknames in popular musicList of artists who reached number one in the United StatesList of artists who reached number one on the UK Singles ChartList of awards and nominations received by Christina AguileraList of best-selling singles worldwide &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&Gwen StefaniFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Gwen Stefani at the 2011 Cannes Film FestivalBackground informationBirth name: Gwen Renee StefaniBorn: October 3, 1969 (age 44)Fullerton, California, U.S.Genres: Pop, dance, rock, electronic, R&BOccupations: Singer-songwriter, record producer, fashion designer, dancer, actressInstruments: Vocals, guitar[1]Years active: 1986–presentLabels: InterscopeAssociated acts: No Doubt, Eve, The Neptunes, Sublime, Pharrell Williams Gwen Renee Stefani; born October 3, 1969) is an American singer-songwriter, fashion designer, and actress. She is the co-founder of and lead vocalist for the rock band No Doubt. Stefani recorded Love. Angel. Music. Baby., her first solo album, in 2004. Inspired by music of the 1980s,[2] the album was a success with sales of over seven million copies.[3] The album's third single, "Hollaback Girl", was the first US digital download to sell one million copies.[4] Stefani's second solo studio album, The Sweet Escape (2006), yielded "Wind It Up", "4 in the Morning", and the highest-selling single "The Sweet Escape". Including her work with No Doubt, Stefani has sold more than forty million albums worldwide.[5]She won the World's Best-Selling New Female Artist at the World Music Awards 2005. In 2003, she debuted her clothing line L.A.M.B. and expanded her collection with the 2005 Harajuku Lovers line, drawing inspiration from Japanese culture and fashion. Stefani performs and makes public appearances with four back-up dancers known as the Harajuku Girls. She married British musician Gavin Rossdale in 2002 and they have two sons: Kingston James McGregor Rossdale, born May 26, 2006, and Zuma Nesta Rock Rossdale, born August 21, 2008. Billboard magazine ranked Stefani the fifty-fourth most successful artist and thirty-seventh most successful Hot 100 artist of the 2000–09 decade.[6][7] Contents: 1 Early life2 Music career2.1 1986–2004: Formation of No Doubt2.2 2004–05: Solo career and Love. Angel. Music. Baby.2.3 2006–07: The Sweet Escape2.4 2008–present: Return to No Doubt3 Non-music work3.1 Fragrances3.2 Acting work3.3 Clothing line4 Personal life5 Artistry5.1 Voice and music5.2 Public image6 Philanthropy7 Discography8 Tours9 Filmography Early life: Gwen Stefani was born on October 3, 1969 in Fullerton, California, and raised there,[8] and grew up in a Roman Catholic household. She attended Loara High School in Anaheim, California.[9] She was named after a stewardess in the 1968 novel Airport, and her middle name, Renée, comes from The Four Tops' 1968 cover of The Left Banke's 1966 hit song "Walk Away Renée".[10] Her father, Dennis Stefani, is Italian American and worked as a Yamaha marketing executive.[11] Her mother, Patti (née Flynn), is of Irish and Scottish descent and worked as an accountant before becoming a homemaker.[11][12] Gwen's parents were fans of folk music and exposed her to music by artists like Bob Dylan and Emmylou Harris.[9] She is the second oldest of four children: she has a younger sister, Jill Stefani, a younger brother, Todd, and an older brother, Eric.[9][12] Eric was the keyboardist for No Doubt; he left the band to pursue a career in animation on The Simpsons.[8]Many of the women in Stefani's family were seamstresses, and much of her clothing was made by them or her mother. In school, she was diagnosed with dyslexia.[13] As a child, Stefani's musical interests consisted of musicals such as The Sound of Music and Evita. After making a demo tape for her father, she was encouraged to take music lessons to train her "loopy, unpredictable" voice. Stefani made her onstage debut during a talent show at Loara High School, where she sang "I Have Confidence", from The Sound of Music, in a self-made tweed dress inspired by one from the film.[1][3] Stefani was on the Loara swim team in an attempt to lose weight.[14] She first worked at a Dairy Queen and later manned the MAC makeup counter of a department store.[15] After graduating from high school in 1987,[1] she began attending Fullerton College before transferring to California State University, Fullerton.[16]Music career[edit] 1986–2004: Formation of No Doubt[edit]Main article: No Doubt Stefani performing with No Doubt at Voodoo 2002. Eric introduced Gwen to 2 Tone music by Madness and The Selecter, and in 1986, he invited her to provide vocals for No Doubt, a ska band he was forming.[8] Finally, in 1991, the band was signed to Interscope Records. The band released its self-titled debut album in 1992, but its ska-pop sound was unsuccessful due to the popularity of grunge.[17] Before the mainstream success of both No Doubt and Sublime, Stefani contributed guest vocals to "Saw Red" on Sublime's 1994 album Robbin' the Hood. Stefani rejected the aggressiveness of female grunge artists and cited Blondie singer Debbie Harry's combination of power and sex appeal as a major influence.[18] No Doubt's third album, Tragic Kingdom (1995), which followed the self-released The Beacon Street Collection (1995), took more than three years to make. Five singles were released from Tragic Kingdom'; one of them, "Don't Speak", led the US Hot 100 Airplay year-end chart of 1996.[19] Stefani left college for one semester to tour for Tragic Kingdom but did not return when touring lasted two and a half years.[9] The album sold more than sixteen million copies worldwide,[9] and received several Grammy Award nominations.[20]During the time when No Doubt was receiving mainstream success, Stefani collaborated on the singles "You're the Boss" with The Brian Setzer Orchestra, "South Side" with Moby, and "Let Me Blow Ya Mind" with Eve. No Doubt released the less popular Return of Saturn in 2000, which expands upon the New Wave influences of Tragic Kingdom.[21] Most of the lyrical content focuses on Stefani's often rocky relationship with then-Bush frontman Gavin Rossdale and her overall insecurities, including indecision on settling down and having a child.[22] The band's 2001 album, Rock Steady, explored more reggae and dancehall sounds, while maintaining the band's New Wave influences, and generally received positive reviews.[23] The album generated career-highest singles chart positions in the United States,[24] and "Hey Baby" and "Underneath It All" received Grammy Awards. A greatest hits collection, The Singles 1992–2003, which includes a cover of Talk Talk's "It's My Life", was released in 2003 to moderate sales. In 2002, Eve and Stefani won a Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration for "Let Me Blow Ya Mind".[25]2004–05: Solo career and Love. Angel. Music. Baby.[edit]Following No Doubt's hiatus, Stefani sought out her bandmate Tony Kanal to discuss the possibility of a solo career. The idea was to make a quick dance record, but this became a large collaboration with other artists, producers and various non-ska influences. "Hollaback Girl" (2005)The song's beats and composition are based around a drum machine, piano and saxophone. It became Stefani's first US number-one single."Cool" (2005)The song features a 1980s musical-style with new wave production. It topped the Canadian Singles Chart. Stefani performing "Hollaback Girl" on the Harajuku Lovers Tour in November 2005. Stefani's debut solo album Love. Angel. Music. Baby. was released in November 2004. The album features a large number of collaborations with producers and other artists, including Tony Kanal, Linda Perry, André 3000, Nellee Hooper, The Neptunes and New Order. Stefani created the album to modernize the music to which she listened when in high school, and L.A.M.B. takes influence from a variety of music styles of the 1980s and early 1990s such as New Wave and electro.[26] Stefani's decision to use her solo career as an opportunity to delve further into pop music instead of trying "to convince the world of [her] talent, depth and artistic worth" was considered unusual.[2] As a result, reviews of the album were mixed, and it was described as "fun as hell but [...] not exactly rife with subversive social commentary."[27] The album debuted on the US Billboard 200 albums chart at number seven, selling 309,000 copies in its first week.[28] It sold well, reaching multi-platinum status in the United States,[11] the United Kingdom,[29] Australia,[30] and Canada.[31] At the 2005 Grammy Awards, Stefani was nominated for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "What You Waiting For?",[32] and at the next year's awards, Stefani received five nominations for Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, Best Pop Vocal Album, and Best Rap/Sung Collaboration.[33]The first single released from the album was "What You Waiting For?", which charted outside the US top forty,[34] but reached the top ten on most other charts.[35] The song served to explain why Stefani produced a solo album and discusses her fears in leaving No Doubt for a solo career[36] as well as her desire to have a baby.[37] "Rich Girl" was released as the album's second single. A duet with rapper Eve, and produced by Dr. Dre, it is an adaptation of a 1990s pop song by British musicians Louchie Lou & Michie One, which itself is a very loose cover lyrically but closer melodically of "If I Were a Rich Man", from the musical Fiddler on the Roof. "Rich Girl" proved successful on several formats, and reached the US and UK top ten.[34][38]L.A.M.B.'s third single "Hollaback Girl" became Stefani's first US and second Australian number-one single; it was less successful elsewhere.[34][39] The song was the first US digital download to sell more than one million copies legally, and its brass-driven composition remained popular throughout 2005.[4] The fourth single "Cool" was released shortly following the popularity of its predecessor, but failed to match its chart success, reaching the top twenty in US and UK.[34][38] The song's lyrics and its accompanying music video, filmed in Lake Como, Italy, depict Stefani's former relationship with Kanal.[40] "Luxurious" was released as the album's fifth single, but did not perform as well as its predecessors. "Crash" was released in early 2006 as the album's sixth single in lieu of Love. Angel. Music. Baby.'s sequel, which Stefani postponed because of her pregnancy.[41]2006–07: The Sweet Escape[edit] "Wind It Up" (2006)The lead single was critically panned, in part because of its interpolation of "The Lonely Goatherd" from The Sound of Music."The Sweet Escape" (2007)The doowop-inspired title track performed well on the charts worldwide. Stefani's second solo album, The Sweet Escape, was recorded by Guy Charbonneau's Le Mobile Remote Recording Studio and released in December 2006.[42] Stefani recollaborated with Kanal, Perry, and The Neptunes, along with Akon and Tim Rice-Oxley from English rock band Keane. The album focuses more heavily on electronic and dance music for clubs than its predecessor.[11] Stefani commented that it differed from L.A.M.B. because "I just wasn't inspired to do another album and…I was a lot more relaxed making it."[43] Its release coincided with the DVD release of Stefani's first tour, entitled Harajuku Lovers Live. The album received mixed reviews by critics, who found that it "has a surprisingly moody, lightly autobiographical feel... [but] Stefani isn't convincing as a dissatisfied diva"[44] and called the album a "hasty return" that repeats Love. Angel. Music. Baby. with less energy.[45] Stefani performing "Wind It Up" on The Sweet Escape Tour in May 2007. "Wind It Up", the album's lead single, was panned by critics for its use of yodeling and an interpolation of The Sound of Music,[46] but was moderately successful, reaching the top twenty in most markets.[47] The title track was well received. To promote The Sweet Escape, Stefani was a mentor on the sixth season of American Idol and performed the song with Akon. It became Stefani's most successful song of her solo career and earned her a Grammy Award nomination for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals.[48] In November 2006, the club single "Yummy" was released as a three-track maxi promo single and as a 12" vinyl single,[49][50] both featuring a radio edit, an instrumental and an a cappella version of the song. "4 in the Morning" was released as the album's third single. The album's fourth single was a hybrid version of "Now That You Got It" which featured Damian Marley. "Early Winter" was released in February 2008 to moderate success on European charts. To promote the album, Stefani embarked a worldwide tour, The Sweet Escape Tour, which covered North America, Europe, Asia and the Pacific and part of Latin America. In an interview with Entertainment Weekly on June 6, 2011, Stefani stated that she had no plans to continue work as a solo artist, adding, "That was a moment in time [...] It went on a little longer than we all thought it would, because it was inspired and you have to go with wherever you're at in that time in your life... [But] everything works out how it should."[51]2008–present: Return to No Doubt[edit]With Stefani promoting The Sweet Escape, No Doubt began initial work on a new album without her[52] and planned to complete it after Stefani's The Sweet Escape Tour was finished.[53] In March 2008, the band started making posts concerning the progression of the album on their official fan forum. Stefani made a post on March 28, 2008 stating that songwriting had commenced but was slow on her end because she was, at the time, pregnant with her second child.[54] The Singles 1992–2003 became available on December 9, 2008 for the video game Rock Band 2.[55] All members of No Doubt except for Stefani served as Scott Weiland's backing band on the album "Happy" in Galoshes. No Doubt announced on their official website they wanted to tour in 2009[56] while finishing their upcoming album, which was set for release 2010.[57] On November 24, 2008, it was announced that No Doubt would be headlining the Bamboozle 2009 festival in May, along with Fall Out Boy. The band completed a national tour in the summer of 2009.[58] In 2010 they resumed writing their record which was recorded in 2011. The leading single "Settle Down" was released in July. The album Push and Shove was released on September 25, 2012 in the United States. Non-music work: Stefani at Bloomingdale's in September 2009. Fragrances: In late summer 2007, Stefani launched a perfume, L, as a part of her L.A.M.B. collection of clothing and accessories. The perfume has high notes of sweet pea and rose.[59] In September 2008, Stefani released a fragrance line as a part of her Harajuku Lovers product line. There are five different fragrances based on the four Harajuku Girls and Stefani herself called Love, Lil' Angel, Music, Baby and G (Gwen).[60] As of January 2011, Stefani has become the spokesperson for L'Oréal Paris.[61] Acting work: In 2004, Stefani showed interest in making film appearances and began auditioning for films such as Mr. & Mrs. Smith.[62] She made her acting debut playing Jean Harlow in Martin Scorsese's The Aviator in 2004 and was nominated for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture the following year.[63] Scorsese, whose daughter was a No Doubt fan, showed reciprocal interest in casting Stefani after seeing her picture from a Marilyn Monroe-inspired photo shoot for Teen Vogue in 2003.[64][65] To prepare for the role, Stefani read two biographies and watched eighteen of Harlow's films.[9] Shooting her part took four to five days, and Stefani had few lines.[66] Stefani lent her voice to the title character of the 2004 video game Malice; before completion, however, the company opted not to use No Doubt band members' voices.[67] Clothing line: Stefani made most of the clothing that she wore on stage with No Doubt, resulting in increasingly eclectic combinations. Stylist Andrea Lieberman introduced her to haute couture clothing, which led to Stefani launching a fashion line named L.A.M.B. in 2004.[9] The line takes influence from a variety of fashions, including Guatemalan, Japanese, and Jamaican styles.[68] The line achieved popularity among celebrities and is worn by stars such as Teri Hatcher, Nicole Kidman, and Stefani herself.[69][70] In June 2005, she expanded her collection with the less expensive Harajuku Lovers line, which she referred to as "a glorified merchandise line", with varied products including a camera, mobile phone charms, and undergarments.[71][72] In late 2006, Stefani released a limited edition line of dolls called "Love. Angel. Music. Baby. Fashion dolls". The dolls are inspired by the various costumes that Stefani and the Harajuku Girls wore while touring for the album.[73] Personal life: Soon after Stefani joined No Doubt, she and bandmate Tony Kanal began dating.[16] Stefani stated that she was heavily invested in the relationship, commenting that "...all I ever did was look at Tony and pray that God would let me have a baby with him."[1] During this time, the band almost split up because of the failed romantic relationship between Stefani and Kanal.[74] Kanal ended the relationship.[75] Their break-up inspired Stefani lyrically, and many of the album's songs, such as "Don't Speak", "Sunday Morning", and "Hey You", chronicle the ups and downs of their relationship.[76]During mid-1995, No Doubt and rock band Goo Goo Dolls went on tour opening for alternative rock band Bush. Stefani met Bush guitarist and lead singer Gavin Rossdale.[18] They married on September 14, 2002, with a wedding in St Paul's, Covent Garden, London. A second wedding was held in Los Angeles two weeks later.[77] According to Stefani, it was held so that she could wear her custom-designed wedding dress by John Galliano twice.[78] A paternity test in 2004 revealed that Rossdale had a daughter, Daisy Lowe (who was fifteen years old then), from a previous relationship with model and designer Pearl Lowe. Stefani was "devastated and infuriated" at the discovery, leading to a rocky patch in her relationship with Rossdale.[79] Rossdale remains Daisy's godfather and has a somewhat friendly relationship with her.[80][81] Stefani's song "Danger Zone" was widely believed to be about the discovery and its aftermath,[82] which has proven to be impossible because the song was written prior to the incident.[11]In December 2005, Stefani and Rossdale announced that they were expecting their first child together. The pregnancy was first reported by Us Weekly, and Stefani confirmed the pregnancy by shouting, "I want you to sing so loud that the baby hears it!" during a concert in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, after her press agent stated that it was untrue.[41] On May 26, 2006, their son, Kingston James McGregor Rossdale, was born via Caesarean section at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.[83] Kingston weighed 3.4 kg (7 lb 8 oz).[84] In January 2008, it was confirmed by her father-in-law that Stefani was expecting her second child.[85] The couple's second son, Zuma Nesta Rock Rossdale, was born August 21, 2008 at 12:46 pm.[86] It was reported on September 4, 2013 that Stefani is expecting her third child with Rossdale.[87] Stefani revealed in January 2014 that she is expecting a boy. [88] Artistry: Voice and music: "Luxurious"The R&B-inspired song samples The Isley Brothers' "Between the Sheets". Stefani's unusual and dynamic vocals have been noted for their "deep vibrato"[89] and Stefani has been described as having a "unique vocal prowess".[90] The Chicago Tribune stated that Stefani had a "brash alto."[91] In the single "Cool", her vocal range covers around one and a half octaves.[92] Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times joked that as Stefani grew as a musician, she kicked her "addiction" to vibrato.[93] Stefani received five nominations at the 2006 Grammy Awards, including Best Female Pop Vocal Performance and Best Pop Vocal Album.[33] Stefani has been influenced by and compared to pop singer Madonna. In 2007, she told Elle magazine, "A lot of my influence came from her early work, like directly, like a Xerox."[94] However, Madonna told a reporter that Stefani was a copycat and said that "she ripped me off", to which Stefani responded, "Some people say that I copy her. But show me one girl my age who was not influenced by her."[95] She has been referred to as "the new Madonna" by publications such as The Hollywood Reporter and People.[96] Some critics also saw the 1980s music style of Love. Angel. Music. Baby. as another way in which Stefani was imitating the singer.[96]Public image[edit]Stefani began wearing a bindi in the mid-1990s after attending several family gatherings for Tony Kanal, who is of Indian heritage.[97] During No Doubt's breakthrough, Stefani wore the forehead decoration in several of the band's music videos and briefly popularized the accessory in 1997.[98] First attracting attention in the 1995 music video for "Just a Girl", Stefani is known for her midriff and frequently wears shirts that expose it.[99] Stefani's makeup design generally includes light face powder, bright red lipstick, and arched eyebrows; she wrote about the subject in a song titled "Magic's in the Makeup" for No Doubt's Return of Saturn, asking "If the magic's in the makeup/Then who am I?".[9] Stefani is a natural brunette, though her hair has not been its natural color since she was in ninth grade.[100] Since late 1994, she has had platinum blond hair. Stefani discussed this in the song "Platinum Blonde Life" on Rock Steady and played original blond bombshell Jean Harlow in the 2004 biopic The Aviator.[101] Stefani also dyed her hair blue in 1998[98] and pink in 2000,[102] appearing on the cover of Return of Saturn with pink hair. Stefani performing with the Harajuku Girls, dressed as nurses, on the Harajuku Lovers Tour in November 2005. In 2006, Stefani modified her image, inspired by that of Michelle Pfeiffer's character in the 1983 film Scarface.[3] The reinvented image included a symbol consisting of two back-to-back G's, which appears on a diamond-encrusted key she wears on a necklace and which became a motif in the promotion of The Sweet Escape.[72] Stefani raised concerns in January 2007 about her rapid weight loss following her pregnancy. She stated she lost the weight through diet and exercise but admitted to obsessing over her weight due to the size zero trend.[103] She later stated that she had been on a diet since the sixth grade to fit in size 4 clothing, commenting, "It's an ongoing battle and it's a nightmare. But I like clothes too much, and I always wanted to wear the outfits I would make."[104] A wax figure of Stefani was unveiled at Madame Tussauds Las Vegas at The Venetian on September 22, 2010.[105] The release of Stefani's first solo album brought attention to her entourage of four Harajuku Girls, named for the area around the Harajuku Station of Tokyo, Japan. Stefani treats the back-up dancers, who appear in outfits influenced by Gothic Lolita fashion,[106] as a figment of her imagination. Stefani's clothing also took influence from Japanese fashion, in a style described as a combination between Christian Dior and Japan.[37] The dancers are featured in her music videos, press coverage, and on the album cover for Love. Angel. Music. Baby., with a song named for and dedicated to them on the album. They were also featured in, and the namesake for, Stefani's Harajuku Lovers Tour. Philanthropy: Following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, Stefani donated $1 million to Save the Children's Japan Earthquake–Tsunami Children in Emergency Fund.[107] Stefani also ran an auction on eBay from April 11 to April 25, 2011, allowing participants to bid on vintage clothing items from her personal wardrobe and custom T-shirts designed and signed by her, as well as on admission to a private Harajuku-themed tea party hosted by her on June 7, 2011 at Los Angeles' first-ever Japanese-style maid café and pop art space, Royal/T, with proceeds from the auction going to Save the Children's relief effort.[108][109]At the amfAR gala during the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, Stefani auctioned off the lacy black dress she wore at the event for charity, raising over $125,000.[110] The dress sparked controversy after a representative for designer Michael Angel—who helped Stefani with the design and worked as a stylist—alleged that it was Angel who created the gown, not Stefani.[110][111][112] In response, Angel released a statement confirming that the dress was designed by Stefani for L.A.M.B. to wear and be auctioned off at the amfAR gala, adding, "I'm disappointed that the focus has shifted away from what Gwen and I originally intended, which was to create a custom outfit for a great cause. We both were thrilled with the outcome and enjoyed the process. I have nothing but respect for her and look forward to working with her on more projects in the future."[113] Stefani hosted a fundraiser with First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2012 at the singer's Beverly Hills home.[114]Discography[edit] Main articles: Gwen Stefani discography and No Doubt discography:Love. Angel. Music. Baby. (2004)The Sweet Escape (2006) Tours: Harajuku Lovers Tour (2005)The Sweet Escape Tour (2007) Filmography: Year Title Role Notes2001 King of the Hill Herself (with No Doubt) Episode: "Kidney Boy and Hamster Girl: A Love Story"2001 Zoolander Herself Cameo appearance2002 Dawson's Creek Herself (with No Doubt) Episode: "Spiderwebs"2004 Malice Malice Voice only; video game2004 The Aviator Jean Harlow Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture2009 Gossip Girl Snowed Out lead singer (with No Doubt) Episode: "Valley Girls"2011 Everyday Sunshine: The Story of Fishbone Herself Documentary2013 Portlandia Herself (with No Doubt) Episode: "Nina's Birthday"See also[edit] List of awards and nominations received by Gwen StefaniNo Doubt discography

DurationAlbum Special Attributes2 Separate Hip-Hop/Dance/Pop Music CDs
Country/Region of ManufactureUnited States Christina AguileraGwen Stefani
Rich GirlHollaback Girl Harajuku GirlsLove.Angel.Music.Baby
Bubble Pop ElectricLong Way to Go I Turn to YouSo Emotional
ReflectionLove Will Find a Way Genie in a BottleReflection - (from "Mulan")
LuxuriousSerious CrashCool
Danger ZoneObvious Somebody's SomebodyLove For All Seasons
GenreRock ArtistChristina Aguilera
Record LabelRCA Release Year1999
DurationAlbum
Special Attributes2 Separate Hip-Hop/Dance/Pop Music CDs
Country/Region of ManufactureUnited States
Christina AguileraGwen Stefani
Rich GirlHollaback Girl
Harajuku GirlsLove.Angel.Music.Baby
Bubble Pop ElectricLong Way to Go
I Turn to YouSo Emotional
ReflectionLove Will Find a Way
Genie in a BottleReflection - (from "Mulan")
LuxuriousSerious
CrashCool
Danger ZoneObvious
Somebody's SomebodyLove For All Seasons
GenreRock
ArtistChristina Aguilera
Record LabelRCA
Release Year1999

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